Mexico was a conquered land
When it was known as The New Spain. Its territory was controlled by the Spanish army in which they built garrisons where they gambled for the control of soldiers, and the submission of the indigenous rebels
They built edifications to keep the militia safe and to control the rebels. Like the case of the Chichimecas, that for 40 years they kept fighting in the Chichimeca War that lasted until they were expelled of the territories that we know today as Chichimequillas. Consequently, they had to retire to faraway lands.
The military strongholds gave security and safeguard to the travelers of the time, who carried goods, livestock and harvests but mainly valuable shipments of silver that came from the mines of Zacatecas, Guanajuato and San Luis Potosí over the dangerous roads. They used to cross our territory on the route of Camino Real to the viceroyalty capital.
So much silver traveled by Camino Real that it was named Camino de la Plata "Road of the Silver." Thanks to this valued mineral, for more than a century this road saw thousands of arrobas pass away that created wealth and changed the economy of Spain and consequently, the economy of Europe. The Mexican coin traveled and circulated in the far east, so the coins were marked to validate them, avoiding possible appropriation of new coins.
This place earlier mentioned in XVI century was also a military garrison that was located in a conflict zone in the territory limits of "La Gran Chichimeca".
Other garrisons like Peñamiller, Jalpan, La garitas de Mexico and Celaya had double function, army base and good control that was used for the charge of the "Quinto Real" the fifth part for the king, the tribute for the Spanish Crown to avoid smuggling.
It’s known that this strong hold occupied by the army, in its beginnings was a rustic building made of stone and adobe. With the passing of the years in a main location, it started to transform to provide more security to its occupants until the end of XVI. With the arrival of the "Carmelita Descalzas" in the XVII century, a transformation and remodeling occurred. It added new edifications for the monks and travelers that kept themselves and their animals safe to spend the night before continuing their trip the next day. During this time, a mill was added that processes wheat grains. This mill is still preserved to this day.
For many years the places known as taverns kept the medieval custom
Of storing the animals near the owner’s room so they could keep watch over them. Years later it evolved by putting the animals in corrals and the guests in small rooms, calling it "Las Posadas".
This important tavern in Chichimequillas had many functions after being a military strong hold. It was transformed by the friars "Carmelitas Descalzas" on the XVII century, who used it as a training place for the redeemed indigenous that were baptized and taught different jobs like working on the land, carpentry, construction and stone carving.
For more than 200 years the old tavern has passed through different owners but has always kept the original architecture. The beautiful porch and unique chapel with its octagonal dome and decorative fountains are historically authentic.
When Don Manuel Suárez Muñoz decided to take the initiative of making it a cultural heritage site, he discovered the importance of the estate. It had many similarities to other sites like San Juan del Rio, the History Bridge, Querétaro, Guanajuato,etc… Its location on the route to Mexico City, and the El Camino Real with more of 2900 km, provided the insight that it could one day be a cultural heritage site. He gathered physical and historical documents, and with the unanimous agreement between states in a binational project, México-EUA, in 2010 in the city of Brasilia in Brasil, UNESCO declared it a Cultural Heritage of Humanity site. The designation is an enormous point of pride for Querétaro and the greatness of our history.